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History

Academic Hall
Old Academic Hall, circa 1885. After the building was destroyed by fire, the columns were preserved and became the focal point of Francis Quadrangle on the University's Columbia campus.

The University of Missouri has provided teaching, research and service to Missouri since 1839. The university, the first publicly supported institution of higher education to be established in the Louisiana Purchase territory, was shaped in accordance with the ideals of Thomas Jefferson, an early proponent of higher education.

Founded in Columbia, the university had one campus until 1870, when the School of Mines and Metallurgy was established in Rolla. In the same year, the university assumed land-grant responsibilities of providing higher education opportunities for all citizens. In 1963, the university again expanded to better serve Missouri by founding a new campus in St. Louis and through acquiring the University of Kansas City, creating the present four-campus University of Missouri System.

Today, the University of Missouri is one of the nation’s largest higher education institutions, with more than 75,000 students on four campuses, a health care enterprise, and an extension program with activities in every county of the state.

A nine-member board of curators governs the university. Curators are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Missouri Senate. The board selects the president of the university. Each campus is headed by a chancellor, who reports to the president.

Significant Dates

  • 1839 - University established in Columbia.
  • 1843 - First commencement. There were only two graduates, but the ceremony lasted three hours.
  • 1862 - The Civil War and other difficulties forced the University to close for most of the year.
  • 1867 - The state provided the first appropriation of $10,000, to build a home for the president, repair war damages and establish a normal school.
  • 1868 - Women admitted for the first time.
  • 1870 - The university was accorded land-grant status under the Morrill Act of 1862, prompting the legislature to authorize a school of agriculture and mechanical arts in Columbia and a school of mines and metallurgy in Rolla.
  • 1888 - The university established the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station under the authority of the Hatch Act. Experiments were begun on Sanborn Field in Columbia, where they continue today.
  • 1890 - The university played its first intercollegiate football game. The opponent was Washington University.
  • 1892 - Academic Hall, the first and main building on the Columbia campus, was destroyed by fire. The building's famous columns remain on Francis Quadrangle.
  • 1908 - The world's first school of journalism was founded on the Columbia campus.
  • 1910 - The university established its extension division.
  • 1911 - Correspondence study was offered for the first time.
  • 1917 - The nation's first soil erosion experiment was carried out in Columbia. The project became the basis for the U.S. Soil Conservation Service's national erosion reduction program.
  • 1950 - The university admitted its first black students.
  • 1952 - The legislature appropriated funds to build a major medical center on the Columbia campus.
  • 1963 - The university becomes a four-campus system, acquiring the University of Kansas City (UM-Kansas City) and creating a campus in St. Louis (UM-St. Louis).
  • 1966 - The university's research reactor, a world-class facility, was completed.
  • 1970 - The School of Optometry at UM-St. Louis was opened. It is the only optometry school in Missouri.
  • 1971 - UM-Kansas City established a school of medicine with a unique six-year program, and, the UMKC dentistry school became the first to offer a three-year degree program.
  • 1986 - Contracts were signed to begin the development of university research parks in Kansas City and St. Charles County.

For a detailed history of the university, please refer to:

The University of Missouri, 1839-1939, by Jonas Viles, E.W. Stephens Co.

A History of the University of Missouri, by Frank Stephens, University of Missouri Press, 1939.

The University of Missouri, An Illustrated History, by James and Vera Olson, University of Missouri Press, 1988.

Reviewed 2013-11-01.