Old Academic Hall, circa 1885. After the building was destroyed by fire, the columns were preserved and became the focal point of Francis Quadrangle on the University's Columbia campus.
The University of Missouri has provided teaching, research and service to the people of Missouri since it was founded in 1839. The first publicly supported institution of higher education established in the Louisiana Territory, the University of Missouri was shaped in accordance with the ideals of Thomas Jefferson, an early proponent of public higher education.
Founded in Columbia, the university had one campus until 1870, when a school of mines and metallurgy was established in Rolla. In the same year an agricultural college was added in Columbia as the university assumed land-grant responsibilities.
In 1963 the University again expanded to better serve Missouri. In that year, the University of Kansas City, which had been a private institution, was acquired by the university, and a new campus was created in St. Louis, creating the present four-campus system.
Today, the University of Missouri is one of the nation's largest higher education institutions, with more than 73,000 students on four campuses and an Extension program with activities in every county of the state. The mission of the university, as a land-grant university and Missouri's only public research and doctoral-level institution, is to discover, disseminate, preserve and apply knowledge.
A nine-member board of curators governs the university. Curators are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Missouri Senate. The board selects the president of the university. Each campus is headed by a chancellor, who reports to the president.
- 1839 - University established in Columbia.
- 1843 - First commencement. There were only two graduates, but the ceremony lasted three hours.
- 1862 - The Civil War and other difficulties forced the University to close for most of the year.
- 1867 - The state provided the first appropriation of $10,000, to build a home for the president, repair war damages and establish a normal school.
- 1868 - Women admitted for the first time.
- 1870 - The university was accorded land-grant status under the Morrill Act of 1862, prompting the legislature to authorize a school of agriculture and mechanical arts in Columbia and a school of mines and metallurgy in Rolla.
- 1888 - The university established the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station under the authority of the Hatch Act. Experiments were begun on Sanborn Field in Columbia, where they continue today.
- 1890 - The university played its first intercollegiate football game. The opponent was Washington University.
- 1892 - Academic Hall, the first and main building on the Columbia campus, was destroyed by fire. The building's famous columns remain on Francis Quadrangle.
- 1908 - The world's first school of journalism was founded on the Columbia campus.
- 1910 - The university established its extension division.
- 1911 - Correspondence study was offered for the first time.
- 1917 - The nation's first soil erosion experiment was carried out in Columbia. The project became the basis for the U.S. Soil Conservation Service's national erosion reduction program.
- 1950 - The university admitted its first black students.
- 1952 - The legislature appropriated funds to build a major medical center on the Columbia campus.
- 1963 - The university becomes a four-campus system, acquiring the University of Kansas City (UM-Kansas City) and creating a campus in St. Louis (UM-St. Louis).
- 1966 - The university's research reactor, a world-class facility, was completed.
- 1970 - The School of Optometry at UM-St. Louis was opened. It is the only optometry school in Missouri.
- 1971 - UM-Kansas City established a school of medicine with a unique six-year program, and, the UMKC dentistry school became the first to offer a three-year degree program.
- 1986 - Contracts were signed to begin the development of university research parks in Kansas City and St. Charles County.
For a detailed history of the university, please refer to:
The University of Missouri, 1839-1939, by Jonas Viles, E.W. Stephens Co.
A History of the University of Missouri, by Frank Stephens, University of Missouri Press, 1939.
The University of Missouri, An Illustrated History, by James and Vera Olson, University of Missouri Press, 1988.