Employment Policies (HR-100)

HR-116 Employment of Minors


In accordance with federal and state regulations, a minor less than 18 years of age may be employed by the University as outlined. This policy details those requirements.

13 Years of Age and Younger

No minors 13 years of age and younger shall be employed or permitted to work for the University at any occupation at any time, even if parental consent is obtained.

14 to 16 Years of Age

Minors between the ages of 14 and 16 may be employed by the University or its departments unless the employment is in connection with power driven machinery; in the oiling, cleaning, maintenance and washing of machinery, including any type of food processing equipment; upon any ladder, scaffolding, or their substitute; in the operation of any automobile, truck or motor vehicle or serve as a helper on such vehicle; in the operation of hoisting machines, cranes or freight elevators or any other elevator that might be used for the purpose of carrying freight or supplies; for a public messenger service; in occupations involving exposure to radioactive substances, or toxic or hazardous chemicals; outside window washing that involves working from window sills; work in freezers and meat coolers; in or about boiler or engine rooms; cooking and baking; communications and public utilities; work in warehouses except office and clerical work; loading and unloading goods to and from trucks or conveyors; manufacturing, mining or processing that requires the performance of any duties in work rooms or work places where goods are manufactured, mined or otherwise processed; or in any other occupation dangerous to the life, health or limb or injurious to the health or morals of minors under the age of 16.

A minor in this age group may not be employed during the regular school term unless issued a work certificate. It is not necessary for a minor over 14 but under 16 years of age to obtain a work certificate for the purpose of working during vacation periods.

During the school term, minors in this age group may not be employed or permitted to work during school hours except as provided in Work Experience and Career Exploration Programs. During non-school hours, they may not be employed before 7:00 a.m. or after 7:00 p.m., more than three (3) hours a day (on school days), more than 18 hours a week during school weeks, more than eight (8) hours a day on non-school days or more than six (6) days a week. Finally, during hours outside the school term, minors in this age group may not be employed before 7:00 a.m. or after 9:00 p.m., more than eight (8) hours a day, more than 40 hours in a non-school week or more than six (6) days a week.

Applications for work certificates are issued and signed by, or under the direction of, the superintendent of public schools of the district in which the minor resides. If there is no such superintendent, they are signed by the county superintendent of the county in which the minor resides.

16 to 18 Years of Age

Minors in this age group are prohibited from working in the following occupations:

  • Workers under 18 are prohibited from work that involves handling pesticides or pesticide application equipment, applying or assisting in the application of pesticides, entering or remaining in any treated area during pesticide application, or entering any treated area after pesticide application is complete but before the restricted-entry interval specified on the pesticide’s labeling has expired.
  • Work as an operator of or a helper on all bending machines, such as apron brakes and press brakes; all shearing machines, such as guillotine or squaring shears; alligator shears; and rotary shears.
  • Operator of an elevator, crane, hoist or high lift truck, except for the operation of an unattended automatic operation passenger elevator or an electric or air operated hoist not exceeding one ton capacity.
  • Assisting in the operation of a crane or hoist.
  • Riding on a manlift or on a freight elevator, except a freight elevator operated by an assigned operator.
  • Operating, assisting to operate, or setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning any horizontal or vertical dough mixer, batter mixer, bread-dividing, -rounding or -molding machine, dough brake, dough sheeter, combination bread slicing and wrapping machine, cake cutting band saw, and the setting up or adjusting of a cookie or cracker machine.
  • Operator of or helper on the following power-driven fixed or portable machines except machines equipped with full automatic feed and ejection (including setting-up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning these machines): circular saws, band saws, and guillotine shears.
  • All work involved in construction, wrecking and demolition operations.
  • All work involved in roofing operations.
  • Excavation operations, including all excavating, working in or backfilling (refilling) trenches, except manually excavating, manually backfilling trenches or working in trenches that do not exceed four (4) feet in depth at any point.
  • Motor vehicle driver and outside helper on any public road or highway. Minors may operate vehicles under 6000 pounds gross vehicle weight during daylight hours.
  • Work that involves the operation of power-driven woodworking machines, including supervising or controlling the operation of such machines.
  • Work in or about places where explosives are manufactured or stored (or products containing explosives). Work may be performed in “non-explosive” areas if proper protection is provided.
  • Work involving the operation of sawmill, lathe mill, shingle mill or cooperage stock mill. Work is permitted in offices or in areas not related to the above equipment.
  • Work where there is exposure to radioactive substances and to ionizing radiations.
  • Work in mining operations except in non-mine locations, i.e., offices.
  • Work involving slaughtering, meat packing, processing or rendering.
  • Operation of paper products machines.
  • Manufacturing of brick, tile and kindred products except in offices, storage areas, laboratories and storerooms.

Date Created: 9/26/1997

Last Updated: 1/1/2017

Reviewed 2017-01-03.